Infographic: How much of Europe’s energy comes from gas? | Russo-Ukrainian War

In 2021, a third of Europe’s energy – used for power generation, transport and heating – came from burning gas.

Energy prices hit new highs across Europe this week after Russia announced gas flows to Europe would not resume until sanctions were lifted.

Much of the continent is set to face a harsh winter with fears of shortages and possible blackouts in the months ahead.

Europe is heavily dependent on gas for electricity generation, transport and heating. In 2021, a third (34%) of Europe’s energy came from burning gas.

Belarus is the most gas-dependent country in Europe with 62% of its energy coming from gas, followed by Russia (54%), Italy (42%), the United Kingdom (40%) and Hungary (39%).

In 2021, two-thirds (76%) of Europe’s energy came from burning fossil fuels – gas (34%), oil (31%) and coal (11%).

Renewables, including hydro, solar, wind and biofuels, accounted for 14%, with nuclear accounting for the remaining 10%. The squeeze on Russia’s gas supply has forced countries to accelerate their search for alternatives. Germany has announced that it will temporarily halt the closure of two nuclear power plants in a bid to boost energy security.

(Al Jazeera)

Gas consumption in Europe

Europe is the largest importer of natural gas in the world. In 2021, Russia, Germany, the United Kingdom, Italy and France consumed three quarters of the continent’s 10,073 terawatt hours (TWh) of gas energy.

Several countries in the European Union have announced multi-billion dollar emergency measures to tackle soaring energy prices following Russia’s war in Ukraine.

On Sunday, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz announced a $65 billion plan to help individuals and businesses cope with soaring prices.

Britain’s new Prime Minister Liz Truss also plans to freeze household energy bills at current levels for this winter and next, paid for by government-backed loans to energy suppliers.

In Italy, the government recently approved a $17 billion relief package to help shield businesses and families from soaring energy costs and rising consumer prices.

French President Emmanuel Macron said the EU must step up its plans for renewable energy products and reform its electricity market.

Finland and Sweden have also announced plans to offer billions of dollars in liquidity guarantees to energy companies.

INTERACTIVE - Gas consumption in Europe
(Al Jazeera)

Western sanctions against Russia

Since February 22, more than 9,119 new sanctions have been imposed on Russia, making it the most sanctioned country in the world. At least 46 countries or territories, including all 27 EU countries, have imposed sanctions on Russia or pledged to adopt a combination of US and EU sanctions.

Moscow has blamed Western-imposed sanctions for hampering routine maintenance of its Nord Stream 1 gas pipeline, which is the largest gas pipeline between Russia and Western Europe. EU officials have accused Russia of using the energy as a weapon.

INTERACTIVE Which-Countries-Have-Sanctioned-Russia-Sep-6
(Al Jazeera)

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